Are Nazarenes Jews?

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YES! The so-called “Church Fathers” were very clear about this point in speaking about the ancient Nazarenes:

But these sectarians… did not call themselves Christians–but “Nazarenes,” … However they are simply complete Jews. They use not only the New Testament but the Old Testament as well, as the Jews do… They have no different ideas, but confess everything exactly as the Law proclaims it and in the Jewish fashion– except for their belief in Messiah, if you please! For they acknowledge both the resurrection of the dead and the divine creation of all things, and declare that G-d is one, and that his son is Yeshua the Messiah. They are trained to a nicety in Hebrew. For among them the entire Law, the Prophets, and the… Writings… are read in Hebrew, as they surely are by the Jews. They are different from the Jews, and different from Christians, only in the following. They disagree with Jews because they have come to faith in Messiah; but since they are still fettered by the Law–circumcision, the Sabbath, and the rest– they are not in accord with Christians…. they are nothing but Jews….
(Epiphanius; Panarion 29)

Yeshua sent his Talmidim (disciples) out saying:

Go you therefore, and teach all the Goyim,
and immerse them in the name of the Father,
and the Son, and the Ruach HaKodesh.
and teach them to observe all that I have commanded you,
and here I am with you all the days, to the end of the world.
(Matt. 28:19-20)

Water immersion is a ritual which is tied to and follows circumcision in a conversion to Judaism. Yehsua was instructing his Jewish Talmidim (disciples) to make converts of the Gentiles (goyim) and to teach the goyim to observe all that Yeshua had commanded his Jewish talmidim to observe (all 613 commandments of the Torah). Gentiles who converted to Nazarene Judaism, like the Gentile converts in Ester 8:7 “become Jews” (Likewise those of the House of Israel who followed the true faith were called “Jews” in Tobit 11:17) and so Paul refers to his target audiences in his books to the Corinthians and Ephesians as “former Gentiles” (1Cor. 12:2; Eph. 2:11)

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